Sodium Bicarbonate

CAS#: 144-55-8

Synonyms: Baking soda; sodium hydrogen carbonate; bicarbonate of soda; carbonic acid, monosodium salt; sodium acid carbonate.

Uses: Manufacture of effervescent salts and beverages, artificial mineral water, baking powder; other sodium salts; pharmaceuticals; sponge rubber; gold and platinum plating; treating wool and silk; fire extinguishers; prevention of timber mold; cleaning preparations; lab reagent; antacid; mouthwash.

Hazard: Symptoms of exposure to this compound include irritation of the skin, eyes, nose and throat, coughing, chest discomfort and gastrointestinal disturbance.  It may cause distention or rupture of the stomach, systemic alkalosis, edema and expansion of extracellular fluid volume.  Severe alkalosis may be characterized by hyperirritability and tetany.  It can cause cerebral edema leading to death.  It may also cause renal injury.  ACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS:  When heated to decomposition this compound emits toxic fumes of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and sodium oxides.