Mannitol

CAS#: 69-65-8

Synonyms: Manna sugar; mannite; d-Mannitol; D-(-)-Mannitol; Cordycepic acid; 1,2,3,4,5,6-Hexanehexol

Uses: Base for dietetic foods, diluent, determinition of boron, pharmaceutical products, medicine, thickener and stabilizer in food products.

Hazard:  Symptoms of exposure to this compound include nausea, vomiting, headache, chills, chest pain and pulmonary edema.  It may cause irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract.  Other symptoms may include lethargy, confusion, heart failure and death.  Exposure has caused an electrolyte and fluid imbalance, hypersensitivity reactions, diarrhea, thirst, fever, tachycardia, hyponatremia, urinary retention, dehydration, blurred vision, convulsions, urticaria, hypotension and hypertension.  It has also caused hyperglycemia and glycosuria.  Coughing may result from inhalation.  Ingestion may cause gastric irritation.  Skin contact may cause discoloration of sensitive skin.  Eye contact may cause redness and pain.  Intravenous use has led to blood pressure elevation and bladder tubule changes.  ACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS:  This compound may cause irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract.  When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and toxic fumes of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide.