Diethanolamine

CAS #: 111-42-2

Synonyms: DEA; 2,2′-iminobisethanol; di(2-hydroxyethyl) amine; 2.2′ -iminodiethanol; n,n-diethanolamine

Uses: Liquid detergents for emulsion paints, cutting oils, shampoos, cleaners, and polishes; textile specialties; absorbent for acid gases; chemical intermediate for resins, plasticizers, etc.; solubilizing 2,4-D; humectant; dispersing agent.

Hazard: Irritation of eyes and skin.  Breathing vapors may cause coughing, a smothering sensation, nausea, headache.    DIETHANOLAMINE is an aminoalcohol. Amines are chemical bases.  They neutralize acids to form salts plus water.  These acid-base reactions are exothermic.  The amount of heat that is evolved per mole of amine in a neutralization is largely independent of the strength of the amine as a base.  Amines may be incompatible with isocyanates, halogenated organics, peroxides, phenols (acidic), epoxides, anhydrides, and acid halides.  Flammable gaseous hydrogen is generated by amines in combination with strong reducing agents, such as hydrides.  This compound is hygroscopic.  It may be sensitive to exposure to air and light. This compound can react with oxidizing materials, acids, CO2, copper alloys, aluminum, zinc, galvanized iron and copper.