Amyl Alcohol Tertiary

CAS:  75-85-4

 Synonyms:  1,1-Dimethyl-1-Propanol; 2-Ethyl-2-Propanol; 2-Hydroxyl-2-Methylbutane; 2-Methyl-2-Butane; 2-Methyl-2-Hydroxybutane; Amylene Hydrate; Dimethylethylcarbinol; Ethyldimethylcarbinol; Tert-Amyl Alcohol; Tert-Pentanol; Tert-Pentyl Alcohol.

Uses:   Solvent, flotation agent, organic synthesis, medicine

 Hazard:   May cause toxic effects if inhaled or absorbed through skin. Inhalation or contact with material may irritate or burn skin and eyes. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.  TERT-AMYL ALCOHOL attacks plastics. Reacts violently with acetyl bromide. Mixtures of alcohols with concentrated sulfuric acid and strong hydrogen peroxide can cause explosions. Example: an explosion will occur if dimethylbenzylcarbinol is added to 90% hydrogen peroxide then acidified with concentrated sulfuric acid. Mixtures of ethyl alcohol with concentrated hydrogen peroxide form powerful explosives. Mixtures of hydrogen peroxide and 1-phenyl-2-methyl propyl alcohol tend to explode if acidified with 70% sulfuric acid. Alkyl hypochlorites are violently explosive. They are readily obtained by reacting hypochlorous acid and alcohols either in aqueous solution or mixed aqueous-carbon tetrachloride solutions. Chlorine plus alcohols would similarly yield alkyl hypochlorites. They decompose in the cold and explode on exposure to sunlight or heat. Tertiary hypochlorites are less unstable than secondary or primary hypochlorites. Base-catalysed reactions of isocyanates with alcohols should be carried out in inert solvents. Such reactions in the absence of solvents often occur with explosive violence.